Nurse practitioners (NPs) are in demand by healthcare organizations. The profession is growing to
meet the needs of an enlarging older population, the increased needs of underserved communities,
and to fill the gap for physician shortages. NPs are highly regarded in the healthcare sector and
recognized for improving health outcomes. An applicant to the NP program will be expected to have
medical knowledge and experience and an understanding of quality patient care and health
outcomes. The application process for NP schools is similar across the board and requires a resume,
cover letter, personal statement, letters of recommendation, and an interview.
Texas Woman’s University offers a Master of Science in Nursing – Family Nurse Practitioner program
that prepares students for work in various healthcare settings. This online degree program can be
taken alongside work and teaches advanced clinical skills, quality patient care, and leadership and
problem-solving abilities. There is a nurse practitioner clinical placement with support from the
university to find the best placement, and the whole program can be completed in 2 years full-time, or
up to 4 years part-time.
Family nurse practitioners (FNPs) are advanced practice registered nurses who provide wide-ranging
family-focused healthcare services. They prescribe medication, perform physical examinations,
maintain patient records, develop treatment plans, organize diagnostic tests, and treat chronic and
acute illnesses, injuries, and conditions. They are sought after by healthcare organizations, and the
profession is growing to meet population needs. FNPs care for patients across the lifespan and have
the expertise to deliver direct patient care and improve health outcomes. They can make a difference
when working with underserved communities and providing essential clinical care. FNPs can use their
experience to advocate for better healthcare and become involved in health policy and legislation.
Nurse practitioner programs are fairly standardized as to their entry requirements. Applicants must
have completed a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree and have passed the National Council
Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses. Not all programs require nursing experience, but it is
advisable to have at least one year’s experience before applying to NP school. It will help in finding
what specialty to pursue as an NP. The confidence, knowledge, and experience gained as a working
nurse will be beneficial as an NP.
A decision should be made about which specialty to pursue before applying to NP schools, as this will
determine which program to apply for. Examples include pediatric acute care or primary care,
women’s health, psychiatric mental health, family practice, and adult-gerontology acute care or
primary care. Shadowing an NP in your chosen specialty can be a useful way to become more
familiar with the role. Some specialties require experience in the field before applying to the program.
It is to ensure the RN has cared for the specific population, has knowledge of various disease
processes, and has good communication with patients, family members, and other healthcare
When a decision has been made about the specialty to pursue, it is time to start researching
programs. There are many NP programs, so it can take time to do this properly. There will be other
considerations, but this is a good place to start:
● Tuition cost.
● Length of the program.
● Full-time or part-time?
● Course curriculum.
● Is the program online, hybrid, or in-person?
● Do they help with clinical placement?
Some NP specialties require certain certifications to be completed before applying for the NP
program. It is to demonstrate competency in a specific area. Examples of possible certifications
required include adult cardiovascular life support, pediatric advanced life support, and basic life
support. These are a few certifications that may be required before application or acceptance into a
program. It is advisable to look at the admission requirements on the program website for any
requirements or prerequisites for certification. The program can be contacted directly to confirm what
When the research has been completed, the preferred programs can be contacted with any
questions. These questions could be about information not given on the website or just to confirm
important facts. Doing this can help narrow down which NP programs are of interest. After selecting
one or more NP programs, review the admission requirements. Resumes may need to be updated.
BSN or former nursing programs can be contacted to request transcripts. Some people just apply to
one NP program, while others apply for one or two more programs. It is a matter of personal choice. It
is important to note application deadlines so that further applications can be made if necessary. There
is typically an interview during the application process. The interviewers will want to ensure the
applicant understands the role of the NP and what their work entails each day. Applicants need to
have a proper understanding of this occupation and be familiar with the course curriculum.
Personal statements allow applicants to show who they are and express their personality. The
committee will be interested in learning more about the applicant and how they have reached the
point of wanting to attend NP school. Effective personal statements should highlight the applicant’s
commitment to nursing and knowledge of the NP role. It should be organized, concise, and creative. It
starts with an introduction, continues with reflections on experiences, and explains why the applicant
wants to go to NP school. Finally, it should end with a solid conclusion. The structure of the personal
statement can be one paragraph for the introduction, three or four for the main body, and one for the
There can be an explanation of why the applicant wants to be an NP, what specialty they want to do,
and what they can do for patients and contribute to nursing. Think about the story to be told through
the personal statement. Perhaps the applicant has a friend or family member in nursing who has
inspired them. Maybe they have experienced ill health themselves or someone they know has,
sparking their interest in a nursing career. Perhaps voluntary work or mission trips gave them an
insight into nursing. It is about telling their personal story and becoming a real person to the
interviewers with something to offer as a nurse.
Be aware of your audience; these are experienced nursing professionals. Write in a structured way
with correct spelling and punctuation while allowing some creativity to show. It can take concentration
and several attempts before a final version is done. When the first draft is finished, read it through and
revise from there. Taking a break before making any changes can help you take a fresh look at it. Ask
people you trust to read the statement and give you feedback. The applicant should ensure they
understand the NP’s role and what type of NP they want to be. It is important to mention
accomplishments in the personal statement. If the applicant has worked in a nursing role, they should
outline the responsibilities and contributions they have made at their workplace. They should outline
any improvements they have made and any certifications they have achieved.
The NP school will typically ask for letters of recommendation. These can be from former professors,
senior nursing staff, or colleagues. Sometimes, a personal reference from a mentor is applicable.
These references can attest to practical knowledge of the field, critical thinking skills, commitment to
nursing, assets as a student to the institution, and the ability to complete the program, especially as
an online learner, successfully. Letters of recommendation back up or validate the information given
in the other application materials, like the personal statement. If there is more than one letter of
reference for your nursing program, consider the different perspectives each writer could provide.
Applicants can contact the chosen individuals and ask them to provide a reference. They can give
them information about the program, reasons for applying, how to submit the letter, and any skills and
experiences they would like mentioned. Applicants could give a former professor examples of papers
they wrote or projects they completed in their class or provide a senior nurse with a list of professional
accomplishments they could mention in their letter. Applicants could provide their resume and a link to
the program they are applying for. They can monitor the situation, ensuring the letter writers are on
schedule and have everything they need. It is a good idea to thank your letter writers when they
submit their letters of recommendation.
One common requirement for NP school applications is the entrance interview. Doing some
preparation before the interview can help the process run smoothly. Some nurses may not have had
an interview for some time. The first thing to do is to research the NP role, scope, and job duties. The
student should know where they are meeting, who is interviewing them, and the appointment time. It
helps to have a record of this information to refer to. If possible, visit the campus before the interview
(unless it is online), so finding the location is not a problem.
Asking the interviewee why they want to be a nurse practitioner is one of the most common questions
to be asked. It is good to have some reasons ready and to give an individualized answer. Prospective
students should spend time reflecting on their reasons for wanting to be an NP. Another common
question is asking which specialty the applicant is interested in and why. Faculty are interested in
knowing why the student is there. A personal story can help them see the motivation behind the
application. For example, working in pediatric oncology may have inspired the student to specialize in
this field. The interviewers may ask how the applicant stays up-to-date with evidence-based research
and practice. Being able to discuss professional journal articles or website topics can be of huge
value in an NP interview. Medicine is constantly evolving, and future nurse practitioners will need to
keep up with current developments.
Another potential question is asking the student what their philosophy is. It could be asked because
the interviewers want to know about the student’s approach to care. It could relate to core values,
which should position patients at the heart of nursing with other significant values like safety, integrity,
and honesty. Interviewers will recognize that values affect behavior and how care is delivered. Finally,
the interviewers may ask why the applicant believes they should be successful in their application.
Prospective students can highlight their strengths and describe experiences like being a leader in
their current nursing role, a mentor for new nurses or students, and working in different specialties.
The interviewers want to accept students who will graduate as high-level performing NPs on
completion of the program. There are questions that may be asked during an NP entrance interview.
The questions above serve as a basis for some of the most commonly asked questions and can help
students become clearer on what they want to do, why they want to do it, and the experience and
skills that make them a worthy applicant.
NPs are expected to be medically knowledgeable and have empathy. Faculty staff are looking for
technical and interpersonal skills, and a resume should reflect this. A well-written resume will include
previous job responsibilities, certifications, and education. The summary is usually the first thing
faculty staff look at, as it explains why the applicant is suitable for the role. It summarizes experience,
skills, and professional achievements relevant to the program. The next step is to emphasize skills
that relate to the NP role, such as keeping records of a patient’s condition and treatment plans,
medical test interpretation, creating training materials for health education, or having ethical
principles. The summary is a chance to demonstrate interpersonal skills and medical knowledge.
Highlight areas where work achievements went beyond basic responsibilities.
Information about education can include nursing degrees and certifications such as basic life support
certification, advanced life support certification, and cardiovascular life support certification. Work
history should be included on the resume. List work experiences in chronological order, starting with
the most recent position. When describing work accomplishments, outline the actions, such as
“developed a recording process for the department, which resulted in more patients being seen each
The resume header must look professional and have the applicant’s name and contact information.
The standard header is left-aligned and horizontal. It is readable and simple, and the name stands
out. If the resume goes onto a second page, the header should be on both pages. Certifications can
be included in a separate section of the resume and will show commitment to training and highlight
nursing abilities. Including metrics can give more depth to your achievements, such as the number of
patients involved in a project. Numbers, percentages, or cost-saving comparisons can make your
accomplishments stand out and seem more authentic.
Consider including any new initiatives experienced at work, such as working in a department that was
the first to use a product or service. It is necessary to have a skills section on a resume. This can give
an overview of important professional abilities. A well-written resume should highlight the most
appealing skills and experiences. Nursing skills should include extensive experience in healthcare
and patient care in school and professional settings. There should be evidence of soft skills, including
empathy and the ability to advocate.
The cover letter should build upon the information in the resume, not just repeat it. Enthusiasm for the
program and role should be conveyed. The letter should be addressed to the faculty member, where
possible. The introduction is the chance to get the reader’s attention and make them see the applicant
as a good fit. It is where you can make a good impression. The cover letter can describe the person’s
story and what led to their nursing achievements and motivations. It gives the faculty member an
insight into what kind of person the applicant is. Information can be included about what attracted the
person to the program and why they want to be an NP. A strong and confident conclusion can come
before the closing line. There are several suitable closing lines, such as “Looking forward to your
reply” or “Thank you for your time and consideration.”
Meeting the brief
During the NP application process, the applicant must show their understanding of the NP role and
the medical skills and personal traits that make them suitable for the NP program. Prospective
candidates need to think through their reasons for applying to NP school and have examples that
demonstrate that their experience, knowledge, and skills would make them successful in this
occupation. The different facets of the process, such as the personal statement and interview, are all
opportunities for the applicant to show why the NP school should offer them a place. Being clear
about the reasons for making the application and why this role is a good fit will help faculty staff
recognize your attributes and suitability for being an NP.